There are over 500 different types of pecan trees that grow in various regions and come in different shapes and sizes. Pecan trees need moist soil to grow and thrive which is why many varieties of the tree grow in the coastal and southern regions of the United States.
The pecan tree enjoys climates that have long, hot summers and moderately cool winters. Pecan trees are very large and can reach a mature growth of 70 feet in height and 6 feet in trunk diameter. Nuts that the tree produces grow in clusters with 2 to 6 nut per cluster. Pecan trees begin bearing nuts 5 to 10 years after planting and like most nut bearing trees, requires at least two of the species to produce nuts.
Some of the most popular species are:
This type of pecan tree is native to the North Carolina area. The trees grow upright and bear nuts that range from ovals to oblong in shape and are encased in moderately thick shells.
The Elliott pecan tree originated in northwest Florida and is a good cross-pollinating choice with the Cape Fear and Desirable. The nuts produced by this tree are round with pointed tips. The shell encasing the nut is moderately thick. These trees are well suited for the extreme southern states.
These trees are native to Mississippi, but do very well in places such as Georgia and Florida. They do not take long to produce large nuts with thick bumpy shells and will produce a large volume of nuts during the lifetime of the tree. These trees are good at cross pollinating other types of pecan trees.
Louisiana is where this type of pecan tree originated. The tree produces a dense canopy which provides a excellent shade source and the nuts vary from slightly egg-shaped to oblong. The shell encasing the nut is thin enough for someone to crack it open by hand.
These sturdy pecan trees are native to South Carolina. They grow upright and will produce large nuts that are oblong with a rounded tip. The nuts are encased in moderately thick shells.
These pecan trees thrive in the southeastern United States as well as other parts of the world. This trees are sturdy and strong and will take approximately 10 years to bear fruit. They are a good choice of to cross pollinate
with other pecan trees such as the Desirable. Stuart pecan tree shells are moderately thick and vary in shape from oblong to oval.
The health benefits of pecans are that they are a good source of protein and unsaturated fats. The antioxidants and plant sterols (which are known for their cholesterol-lowering ability) found in pecans reduce high cholesterol by reducing the “bad” cholesterol levels.